Conservation database

At IWC67 in October 2018 the Commission endorsed a proposal from New Zealand to revise the existing template for voluntary conservation reports and develop an integrated database. The detailed proposal, which includes the detailed rationale for changing the reporting template, is in Document IWC/67/CC/10 (also available to this meeting as document CC/68A/INFO/05). Read more

Australia Underwater Noise

Current threats to cetacean conservation and management measures taken/proposed
Country: Australia
Section: Current threats to cetacean conservation and management measures taken/proposed
Theme: Anthropogenic underwater noise
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

The Australian Government continues to implement and promote a set of requirements aimed at minimising the impacts of seismic activities undertaken for oil and gas exploration. Practical standards to minimise the risk of acoustic injury
to whales in the vicinity of seismic survey operations, and provides guidance on the legal responsibilities of proponents undertaking the activities.

The Australian Government’s National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority (NOPSEMA) is the sole regulator of all offshore petroleum facilities in Commonwealth waters, and in coastal waters where state powers have been conferred. NOPSEMA is a Commonwealth Statutory Agency.

External URL: http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/publications/seismic.html

CURRENT GOVERNMENT PROGRAMMES RELATED TO CETACEAN CONSERVATION

Research projects
Country: Australia
Section: Research projects
Theme: Anthropogenic underwater noise
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

The Australian Government’s Australian Marine Mammal Centre (AMMC) is based in Hobart, Tasmania. The Centre leads on providing scientific research and advice to inform and support Australia’s marine mammal conservation priorities.

External URL: https://www.marinemammals.gov.au/

Australia cetacean conservation since IWC66.

Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Country: Australia
Section: Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Theme: Conservation Management plans
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

To ensure the management of cetaceans continued to reflect best practice and was based on current scientific evidence, the Australian Government implemented the Whale and Dolphin Protection Plan. This plan provided resources for Australian local and state governments and the scientific community to undertake work that will help manage and protect cetaceans.

External URL: https://www.awe.gov.au/environment/epbc/publications/epbc-act-policy-statement-21-interaction-between-offshore-seismic-exploration-and-whales

Australia Management Plans

Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Country: Australia
Section: Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Theme: Conservation Management plans
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

Government Cetacean Management Workshop – This is an annual forum attended by all relevant states and territories which allows for the timely identification of cross-jurisdictional cetacean issues, the sharing of management experience, and review and comment on emerging cetacean policy issues (both in Australia and overseas). 

Cetaceans Non-Government Organisation (NGO) Roundtable – the Australian Government holds roundtables on cetacean matters with NGOs twice a year. This helps to ensure that issues of concern to civil society on cetacean policy and management at both national and international levels, are identified, discussed and addressed by the Government, as appropriate.

 

External URL: https://www.awe.gov.au/environment/marine/marine-species/cetaceans/legislation

Background

Other
Country: Australia
Section: Other
Theme: Sanctuaries and protected areas
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

testing

External URL: https://www.awe.gov.au/environment/marine/marine-species/cetaceans

Australia Ship Strikes

Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Country: Australia
Section: Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Theme: Ship Strikes
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

National strategy for reducing vessel strike on cetaceans and other marine megafauna 

Assessing the level of risk posed by vessel collisions to cetaceans – building on a project that assessed the risk of large vessels colliding with humpback whales in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park

External URL: https://recovery.gov.au/queensland-and-new-south-wales-floods-0#/

CURRENT GOVERNMENT PROGRAMMES RELATED TO CETACEAN CONSERVATION

Current threats to cetacean conservation and management measures taken/proposed
Country: Australia
Section: Current threats to cetacean conservation and management measures taken/proposed
Theme: Ship Strikes
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

Australian Government agencies at all levels have worked together over many years to establish strong communications and operations networks to manage and respond to events such as whale and dolphin strandings.

External URL: https://www.dcceew.gov.au/environment/marine/marine-species/cetaceans/whale-dolphin-rescue

Australia Whale watching

Information on WhaleWatching operations
Country: Australia
Section: Information on WhaleWatching operations
Theme: Whale watching
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

The management of whale watching in Australia is a multi-jurisdictional arrangement between the Australian Government, the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority and state and territory governments.

Australian National Guidelines for Whale and Dolphin Watching 2005 

Australian National Guidelines for Whale and Dolphin Watching 2017.

External URL: https://wwhandbook.iwc.int/en/country-profiles/australia

Brazil cetacean conservation

Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Country: Brazil
Section: Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Theme: Bycatch, Strandings
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

The government funds projects regarding the conservation of the franciscana dolphin, these projects should provide important new information on bycatch levels and estimates of abundance for the entire distribution range of the species in Brazil.

External URL: https://www.funbio.org.br/en/programas_e_projetos/franciscana-conservation/

Brazil agreements

International cooperation activities
Country: Brazil
Section: International cooperation activities
Theme: Conservation Management plans
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

The Brazilian government is a party to multilateral cetacean agreements, such as the IWC, CITES, and CMS.

External URL: https://cites.org/eng/parties/country-profiles/br

Brazil Protected Areas

 Legal developments
Country: Brazil
Section:  Legal developments
Theme: Sanctuaries and protected areas
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

The government of Brazil established two large Federal Marine Protected Areas in 2018, including the two most remote islands of the national territory - the São Pedro and São Paulo archipelagos - and also the chain of submarine mountains that connects the Brazilian continental shelf to the Trindade and Martin Vaz Archipelago. The two MPAs together cover an area of 92.6 million hectares, of which 81.1 million hectares correspond to areas of sustainable use and 11.5 million hectares correspond to protection, the equivalent of the combined territories of France and Germany.

Regarding the protection of coastal areas, it is important to mention a new reserve created in Maranhão called Baía do Tubarão Extractive Reserve. This MPA was established to protect a complex of bays, rivers and estuaries.

The Brazilian National Sanctuary of Whales and Dolphins was created in 2008. 

External URL: https://www.gov.br/mma/pt-br/assuntos/areasprotegidasecoturismo

Brazil Whale Watching

 Legal developments
Country: Brazil
Section:  Legal developments
Theme: Whale watching
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

Act No. 444/2014 of the Ministry of the Environment of Brazil determines the "Official National List of Endangered Fauna," including mammals.

Currently Federal Law 7643/87 forbids the hunting and harassment of cetaceans in Brazilian waters and the Edict 117/96 (modified by the Edict 24/2002) established the whale watching regulations.

A new National Conservation Action Plans (NAPs) for small and large cetaceans is being developed. 

External URL: https://www.icmbio.gov.br/cma/legislacao.html

Brazil cetacean conservation

Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Country: Brazil
Section: Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Theme: Bycatch, Strandings
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

The government funds projects regarding the conservation of the franciscana dolphin, these projects should provide important new information on bycatch levels and estimates of abundance for the entire distribution range of the species in Brazil.

External URL: https://www.funbio.org.br/en/programas_e_projetos/franciscana-conservation/

Brazil cetacean conservation

Reporting systems for cetacean injuries/mortality/strandings
Country: Brazil
Section: Reporting systems for cetacean injuries/mortality/strandings
Theme: Strandings
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

The National Stranding Network coordinated by ICMBio has been working along the Brazilian coast to evaluate and record cetacean stranding rates and cumulative effects of anthropogenic activities on these animals. 

External URL: https://www.icmbio.gov.br/cma/o-que-fazemos/monitoramento/remab.html

France National Strandings Scheme

Reporting systems for cetacean injuries/mortality/strandings
Country: France
Section: Reporting systems for cetacean injuries/mortality/strandings
Theme: Strandings, Conservation Management plans
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

The national strandings scheme provides a yearly synthesis on beached cetaceans allowing baseline data to be collected about species diversity, causes of death, pathologies, population demographic structure, ecological parameters and levels of contaminants. Back calculation of cetacean carcass trajectories allows their origin to be determined.

External URL: https://www.observatoire-pelagis.cnrs.fr/?lang=en

France Protected Areas

 Legal developments
Country: France
Section:  Legal developments
Theme: Sanctuaries and protected areas
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

The Pelagos whale sanctuary encompasses both territorial and international waters of the north-western Mediterranean.

External URL: https://www.sanctuaire-pelagos.org/en/

France Protected Areas

 Legal developments
Country: France
Section:  Legal developments
Theme: Sanctuaries and protected areas
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

France's protected natural areas cover approximately 23.5% of waters. 

External URL: https://www.ofb.gouv.fr/en/managing-protected-areas

France - Knowledge Acquisition Program for Seabirds and Marine Mammals (PACOMM)

Research projects
Country: France
Section: Research projects
Theme: Sanctuaries and protected areas
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

Within the scope of EC commitments to Natura 2000, the Ministry of Ecology delegated the implementation of a knowledge acquisition program (PACOMM) on seabirds and marine mammals to the Agency for marine protected areas (AAMP). The goal was to assess the initial state of seabird and cetacean populations and their conservation status in Natura 2000 sites and within the parameters of national marine parks and offshore Natura 2000 sites. The program consisted of a combination of visual aerial surveys, site-based acoustic monitoring surveys, telemetry studies and local site-based approaches.

External URL: http://www.natura2000.fr/

France Cetacean Conservation

Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Country: France
Section: Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Theme: Ship Strikes
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

REPCET is a collaborative system that moniters ships strikes in the PELAGOS sanctuary

External URL: https://www.repcet.com/

France Whale watching

Information on WhaleWatching operations
Country: France
Section: Information on WhaleWatching operations
Theme: Whale watching
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

The French mainland has coasts on the Mediterranean, the Atlantic, and the Channel, while its overseas territories span temperate, tropical and even polar and sub polar waters around the globe. Together these areas offer a widely varying range of opportunities for whale and dolphin watching involving different species, habitats and whale-watching platforms.

External URL: https://wwhandbook.iwc.int/en/country-profiles/france

France Whale watching

Information on WhaleWatching operations
Country: France
Section: Information on WhaleWatching operations
Theme: Whale watching
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

The PELAGOS/ACCOBAMS cooperative agreement works to ensure quality and minimise negative impacts of whale watching activities to cetaceans. 

External URL: https://accobams.org/4704/

France National Strandings Scheme

Reporting systems for cetacean injuries/mortality/strandings
Country: France
Section: Reporting systems for cetacean injuries/mortality/strandings
Theme: Strandings, Conservation Management plans
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status: Active

The national strandings scheme provides a yearly synthesis on beached cetaceans allowing baseline data to be collected about species diversity, causes of death, pathologies, population demographic structure, ecological parameters and levels of contaminants. Back calculation of cetacean carcass trajectories allows their origin to be determined.

External URL: https://www.observatoire-pelagis.cnrs.fr/?lang=en

France Agreements

International cooperation activities
Country: France
Section: International cooperation activities
Theme: Cooperation and Research
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

France is leading an eco-regional program in order to contribute to the CCAMLR MPA Network.

External URL: https://www.ccamlr.org/en/science/mpa-planning-domains

France Agreements

International cooperation activities
Country: France
Section: International cooperation activities
Theme: Cooperation and Research
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

France is a member state of a number of multilateral agreements related to cetaceans 

External URL: https://www.cms.int/en/country/france

France Legal Protections

 Legal developments
Country: France
Section:  Legal developments
Theme: Other
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

All marine mammals are protected by law in French waters. 

External URL: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/loda/id/JORFTEXT000024396902/

France Legal Protections

 Legal developments
Country: France
Section:  Legal developments
Theme: Other
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

France is a member country of the European Union, therefore it enforces EU regulations concerning marine mammals and environment. 

External URL: https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/conservation-status-of-marine-mammals

Gabon Legal Protections

 Legal developments
Country: Gabon
Section:  Legal developments
Theme:
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

Gabonese laws provide different levels of protection to cetacean species. 

External URL: http://www.gouvernement.ga/

Gabon Marine Conservation

Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Country: Gabon
Section: Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Theme: Bycatch, Sanctuaries and protected areas, Conservation Management plans
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

Gabon bleu is an ambitious government initiative to better conserve marine environments. 

External URL: https://gabonvert.com/gabon-bleu/

Gabon Marine Conservation

Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Country: Gabon
Section: Current Government programs related to cetacean conservation
Theme: Bycatch, Sanctuaries and protected areas, Conservation Management plans
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

Gabon bleu is an ambitious government initiative to better conserve marine environments. 

External URL: https://gabonvert.com/gabon-bleu/

Gabon Protected Areas

 Legal developments
Country: Gabon
Section:  Legal developments
Theme: Sanctuaries and protected areas
Country profile on Whale Watching Handbook
Date started:
Date ended:
Status:

Gabon protects approximetly 26% of Gabon’s marine waters. 

External URL: https://www.iucncongress2020.org/programme/official-programme/session-43416