All Reports to the European Commission on activities conducted by the UK under Regulation 812/200422, and under Article 12(4) of the Habitats Directive, provide details of the monitoring work undertaken in the UK and estimates of cetacean bycatch. The most recent reports on cetacean bycatch in UK waters submitted to the European Commission under the requirements of EC Regulation 812/2004 and Article 12 of the EU Habitats Directive can be found on the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) website.
Marine Protected Areas in the UK specifically naming cetaceans as qualifying or non-qualifying features
The following MPAs are in place within UK waters and specifically name cetaceans as a qualifying feature.
The National Stranding Network coordinated by ICMBio has been working along the Brazilian coast to evaluate cetacean stranding rates and cumulative effects of anthropogenic activities on these animals. A national database was developed to store the collected information providing the possibility to integrate data (in terms of space and time) and improve the evaluation of threats, as well as support both conservation planning and management actions.
The government of Brazil established two large Federal Marine Protected Areas in 2018, including the two most remote islands of the national territory - the São Pedro and São Paulo archipelagos - and also the chain of submarine mountains that connects the Brazilian continental shelf to the Trindade and Martin Vaz Archipelago.
Since 2016 several national research projects promoting research and conservation of franciscana dolphins have been supported by Brazil, mostly through a Federal-funding program managed by Fundo Nacional do Meio Ambiente (FUNBIO). These projects are underway in three areas known as Franciscana Management Areas (FMAs Ia, Ib, and III).
Act No. 444/2014 of the Ministry of the Environment of Brazil determines the "Official National List of Endangered Fauna," including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and terrestrial invertebrates, and indicates the degree of extinction risk of each species. This offers certain protections to the species with endangered or threatened status.
The Brazilian Government is party to multilateral agreements related to cetaceans, besides the IWC, such as the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). The Government of Brazil participates as Observer in the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) and has signed a Letter of Intentions to this agreement. Potential benefits of such agreements include conservation efforts to protect southern right whales and franciscana dolphin.
These Guidelines were developed in consultation with the state and territory governments, scientists, industry representatives and non-government organisations. They provide a consistent national policy for the management of whale and dolphin watching in Australian waters. They build upon and replace the Australian National Guidelines for Whale and Dolphin Watching 2005. The guidelines provide advice for all governments in the development, updating and implementation of laws regulating whale and dolphin watching.